Algeria gained independence from France in 1962 after a war with more than one million Algerian victims. A civil war broke out between 1992 and the late 1990s, but since then the political violence has decreased. The country’s president Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who came to power in 1999, still faces severe problems such as high unemployment rates, poverty and government corruption.
In the beginning of January 2011 popular protests broke out as a reaction to rising food prices and high unemployment. As a response the government introduced a number of reforms, including price reductions of basic food stuff and lifting the 1992 emergency law.
|Total population (2011 est)||34,994,937|
0-14 years Total Female
15-64 years Total Female
65 years and over Total Female
|Life expectancy at birth (women)||76.31 years|
|Fertility rate||1.75 children born/woman|
|Total literacy rate||69.9%|
|Total literacy rate among females||60,1%|
|School life expectancy ( primary to tertiary education)||13 years|
|Female enrolment in higher education*||25,87%|
*Higher education is the degree after achieving the high-school diploma
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By Rikke Hostrup Haugbølle and Nadia Zaabi