Egypt was ruled by president Hosni Mubarak for 30 years from 1981 to 2011. On January 25 2011 the Egyptian people succeeded in ousting the president, and the military took over power and rule of the country.
The first elections for a new parliament took place between November 2011 and January 2012, and presidential elections are scheduled for May 23-24 2012. It is uncertain how the new elected parliament will and can carry through reforms in all domains - political, economic and social - and if and how women’s rights will be affected by the change.
|Total population (2011 est. )||82,079,636|
|Female population (2011 est.)||40,497,120|
Total 0-14 years
Total 15-64 years
Total 65 years and over
|Life expectancy at birth (women): (2011 est)||75,38 years|
|Fertility rate (2011 est)||2,97 children born/woman|
|Total literacy rate (2011 est)||71,4 %|
|Total literacy rate among females (2005 est.)||59,4%|
|School life expectancy ( primary to tertiary education) (2004)||11 years|
|Female enrolment at higher education*||49 pct|
*Higher education is the degree after achieving the high-school diploma
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By Nadia Zaabi & Rikke Hostrup Haugbølle