Lebanon, a country with 17 different ethnic and religious sects, went through a bloody civil war from 1975 to 1990. Following the war, a political system based on a certain representation of the major ethnic and religious groups was established and is still used today.
Syrian military forces have been present in the country since 1976, but withdrew completely in 2005 after demonstrations following the assassination of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri. In the summer of 2005 Lebanon held its first legislative elections free of foreign interference since the end of the civil war.
In 2011 many Lebanese took to the streets to protest against the sectarian political system.
|Female population||2,111, 470|
0-14 years (women)
15-64 years (women)
65 years and over (women)
|Life expectancy at birth (women)||76.62 years|
|Fertility rate||1.77 children born/woman|
|Total literacy rate||87.4%|
|Total literacy rate among females||82.2%|
|School life expectancy ( primary to tertiary education) for women||14 years|
|Female enrolment at higher education* (2009)||57 %|
*Higher education is the degree after achieving the high-school diploma
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Gry Hvass Pedersen, Laura Toft Nielsen & Rikke Hostrup Haugbølle