Tunisia achieved independency from France in 1956, and a one-party state was established by the president Habib Bourgiba. In 1987 Bourgiba was removed from power and replaced by Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
After a shorter period of massive popular uprisings president Ben Ali fled to Saudi Arabia on January 14 2011 after 23 years of ruling the country, and the successful Tunisian revolution sparked a wave of protests and regime changes in the Middle East.
The first election after Ben Ali’s fall took place on October 23 2011, appointing members to a Constituent Assemblyassigned to rewrite Tunisia’s constitution. The Islamic party Ennahda won 41 percent of the total vote.
0-14 years (women)
15-64 years (women)
65 years and over
|Life expectancy at birth (women)||77,17|
|Total literacy rate||78%|
|Total literacy rate among females||78%|
|School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) for women||15 years|
|Female enrolment at higher education*||59,5%|
*Higher education is the degree after achieving the high-school diploma
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By Nadia Zaabi & Rikke Hostrup Haugbølle