The Republic of Yemen was established in1990, when North Yemen and South Yemen united. The country is one of the poorest in the Middle East and is marked by unemployment and corruption. It has the doubtful honour of ranking lowest in several gender equality charts describing the level of equality on a number of factors.
In 2011 and the beginning of 2012 massive protests broke out in several cities throughout the country, the Yemenis protesting against the poor economic conditions, the widespread corruption and against the Sana’a government and president Ali Abdullah Saleh, who had ruled the country for 33 years. The president did not step down until February 2012, when a presidential election was held and vice president Abd Rabbi Mansur al-Hadi won and was inaugurated president. The agreement is that Abd Rabbi Mansur al-Hadi will serve two years until new parliamentary and presidential elections will be held in 2014.
|Total population (2011 est.)||24,133,492|
65 years and over
|Life expectancy at birth||65. 87 years|
|Fertility rate||4,63 child born/woman|
|Total literacy rate||50,2 %|
|Total literacy rate among females||30%|
|School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)||7 years|
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By Nadia Zaabi, Signe Lund & Rikke Hostrup Haugbølle